Below is a simple Matlab code to simulate a Poisson process. The interarrival times were computed and recorded in **int_times**. The times are then grouped into bins of 10 seconds in width and the counts are stored in **count**.

lambda=1/60; % arrival rate per second (1 minute per packet) T=10*3600; % simulation time in second (10 hours) delta=0.1; % simulation step size in second N=T/delta; % number of simulation steps event=zeros(N,1); % array recording at each step if a "packet" arrived. % initialize it to zeros R=rand(size(event)); % generate a random array (with elements in [0,1]) of the same size as "event" event(R<lambda*delta)=1; % set each element of event to 1 with probability lambda*delta inds=find(event==1); % getting indices of arrivial int_times=diff(inds)*delta; % interarrival times in seconds edges=0:10:400; % define histogram bin count=histc(int_times,edges);

The histogram of the absolute counts of the interarrivial is then plotted with the commands below.

figure; bar(edges,count,'histc'); % draw histogram of absolute count

Finally, the counts are normalized and compared with the theoretical result ().

figure; bar(edges,count/sum(count)/(edges(2)-edges(1)),'histc'); % draw histogram of normalized counts hold;plot(edges,lambda*exp(-lambda*edges),'r'); % plot theoretical result legend('simulation','theoretical');